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Jan Karman
Middelburg (Neth)



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Jan Karman
Last revised: April 2022

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"Sociaaleconomische segregatie in de Europese hoofdsteden"

Sociaaleconomische ongelijkheid tussen wijken en buurten neemt toe in Europa. Dit artikel brengt de ruimtelijke segregatie van armoede en rijkdom in kaart voor vijf hoofdsteden in Noorden West-Europa. Hoe groot zijn de verschillen en wat zijn de mogelijke oorzaken?

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Bron: Demos/Nederlands Interuniversitair Demografisch Instituut









G A N U E N T A

Otium cum dignitate


"Reshuffling chaos"

Graduation of Mortality
(from: samples | Kx | Show | Mortality)
Free Download (193Kb)
See also: My article in Vector

Mortality tables are usually graduated for either practical or scientific purposes. The formulae, in which the mortality is expressed as a function of x (= age) are often of the type (Makeham's law):
   mx = A + B.cx (force of mortality)
with A, B and c as parameters. Finding the values of those parameters from the crude material is the hard part.
King-Hardy's method is a suitable way to transform this power function into a linear equation system; it is solved here by way of a least square K-runtime function.
See also E.Zwinggi - Versicherungsmathematik
When invoked, one will find four controls in the bottom part. The first two controls act like a spinbox, the two right most controls simulate the Windows-locator. The challenge is to find as large as possible ranges for making the "law" valid.
Later, famous methods came from Th.N. Thiele, published posthumously in 1910, and recent approaches and remarks can be found in W.J. Willemse

Recommended for Africa:
G.M.K. Kpedekpo - Essentials of Demographic Analysis for Africa

Jan Karman LinkedIn
Middelburg (Neth), November 2006

 My music
 
GP-Fugues
 My harpsichord
Actuarial & financial applications:
 Actuarial Factors
 Annuity Loan
 Graduation of Mortality
 Profit & Loss in Stocks
 The Price of Bonds
 Annu´teitslening
 Afronding van sterftetafels
 Bevolkingsstatistiek
 Huishoudboekje
 Ausgleichung von Sterbetafeln
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Art: Art Gallery Orsmaal